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How to Format Citations Automatically Using Microsoft Word?

Properly formatting citations and references has always driven researchers crazy. With Microsoft Office Word, though, the process is streamlined to the point of almost being automatic. Microsoft Word automatically generates a bibliography from the sources you used to write your manuscript. Each time you add a new citation to your document, This handout is going to show you how to add citations and bibliographies to your Word documents and how to format references automatically using the Microsoft Word References tool.

25.11.2020

How to Format Citations Automatically Using Microsoft Word?

This handout discusses how to add citations and bibliography automatically to your manuscript. To give you an opportunity to practice your proofreading, we have left a few spelling, punctuation, and grammatical errors in the text. See if you can spot them! If you spot the errors correctly, you will be entitled to a 10% discount.

How to Automatically Add Citations and Bibliographies to Your Document

Properly formatting citations and references has always driven researchers crazy. With Microsoft Office Word, though, the process is streamlined to the point of almost being automatic.  Microsoft Word automatically generates a bibliography from the sources you used to write your manuscript. Each time you add a new citation to your document, Word adds that source so that it appears in the bibliography in the proper format, such as APA, Chicago/Turabian, and MLA style.  This handout is going to show you how to add citations and bibliographies to your Word documents and how to format references automatically using the Microsoft Word References tool.

The techniques this guide is going to discuss here should work for all Microsoft Word newer versions. The screenshots are all taken in the latest version of Microsoft Word 2020 for Mac, so your Word version might look slightly different, but it works the same way.

Before you can add a citation, a works cited list, or a bibliography; you should add a source to your word document. A works cited list is a list of references, usually placed at the end of the main text, that you referred to in your document. A works cited list is different from a bibliography, which is a list of sources that you consulted when you created the document.

When you add a new source, the source information is saved on your computer automatically

When you complete adding your sources, you can automatically generate a works cited list or a bibliography based on your source information that you completed already. When you add a new source, the source information is saved on your computer automatically. If you want to find and reuse any source that you have previously created, even sources in your other documents, you can use the Citations tool.

A citation is a parenthetical reference that is placed in line with the text. A citation is different from a footnote or an endnote, which is placed at the bottom of the page or end of the document. You can use the source information stored in your citation tool to create citations, a reference list, or a bibliography. However, there is no way to create footnotes or endnotes by using the information in Citations tool or the Source Manager.

For more information about citation styles for various manuals, such as APA, MLA, or Chicago Style, read the following articles: Citation Styles | Which Citation Style Should I Use?, APA Formatting Guide for Academic Manuscripts.

Steps to Automatically Add Citations and References

Step 1:

  • Open a new or existing Microsoft Word document.

Step 2:

  • Place your cursor where you would like your in-text reference to be.

  • When you are working on any Word document, place your cursor where you want the citation to be placed.

Step 3:

  • Choose a documentation style (APA, Chicago, MLA, or IEEE) from the dropdown menu.

Format Citations Automatically Using Microsoft Word

Step 4:

  • Click at the end of the sentence or phrase that you want to cite.

  • Choose the References tab at the top and click the Insert Citation button.

Format Citations Automatically Using Microsoft Word

  • In the Create Source dialog box, next to Type of Source, select the type of source you want to us.

  • In this dialog box, you can enter all of the relevant information for your source. The default setting for the Type of Source dropdown is Book.

  • If you want to enter other types of sources such as a book section, an article in a journal or periodical, or a website, open the dropdown menu to choose the type of source you want.

  • Then click OK to complete the source.

Format Citations Automatically Using Microsoft Word

  • Enter the details for your source (for example, author name, title of the source, and year of the publication), and click OK. The source is added as a citation at the place you selected in your document. If you want to add more details for your source, check the Show all bibliography fields box.

When you have completed the steps mentioned above, the citation is added to the available citations. The next time you quote this reference, you do not have to type it all out again. Just select your source from the list of available citations.

Format Citations Automatically Using Microsoft Word

Here is an example: 

You can repeat those steps to add any other sources you need, and to place citations where you want.

How to Edit an Existing Source Using Microsoft Word

Step 1:

  • If you want to edit a source, go to the References tab, click Citations, and then click the settings button in the bottom right corner of the Citations pane.

Format Citations Automatically Using Microsoft Word

Step 2

  • Click Edit Source, make the necessary changes to the source and then click OK.

Format Citations Automatically Using Microsoft Word

Step 3

  • If you want to manage your list of sources, click Citation Source Manager and then add, edit, or delete sources in your list. You can also copy the available sources or add a new one.

Format Citations Automatically Using Microsoft Word

How to Add Citations to Your Word Document

Follow the steps below to add a citation to your document.

Step 1

  • Place your cursor where you would like your in-text reference to be and then on the References tab, click Citations

Format Citations Automatically Using Microsoft Word

  • Go to the Citations pane on the right and double-click the citation you want to add to your document.

Format Citations Automatically Using Microsoft Word

How to Create A Bibliography or A Reference List

A reference list or bibliography is a list of all works you cited or referred to in your document. When your document is completed, you will want to add a bibliography or works cited list that lists all your sources.

Step 1:

  • Click where you want the Works Cited or Bibliography to appear (mostly at the very end of the main text).

Step 2:

  • On the References tab, click the arrow next to Bibliography, and then click Bibliography or Works Cited.

  • A works cited list is typically used when you cite sources using the Modern Language Association (MLA) style, and it differs from a bibliography, which is a list of all works that you consulted when your researched and wrote your document.

Format Citations Automatically Using Microsoft Word

When you click Bibliography, you will have the following list (for APA style):

Format Citations Automatically Using Microsoft Word

When you click Works Cited, you will have the following one (for MLA style:

Format Citations Automatically Using Microsoft Word

How to Change A Bibliography or Works Cited List Style

You can change the style of all the citations contained in your document's works cited list or bibliography without manually editing the style of each citation. You can change the citations from the APA style to the MLA style based on your manual.

  1. Go to the View menu, click Draft or Print Layout.

Format Citations Automatically Using Microsoft Word

  1. On the References tab, click Citations.

Format Citations Automatically Using Microsoft Word

  1. In the Citations pane, on the Citation style list, select a style.

Format Citations Automatically Using Microsoft Word

All references in your document's bibliography or works cited list change to the new style.

If you need help, then contact us!

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If you need our subject-area editors to format your manuscripts, giving you the fundamental rules for formatting your manuscripts as described in your guidelines, such as APA, MLA, or Chicago/Turabian styles, then contact us. At Best Edit & Proof, our proofreaders and editors edit every type of academic paper. We have a user-friendly website, and a simplified ordering process. 

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For more information about the citation styles and APA style, read the following articles: 

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