Ask any research scholar, college student, or academician about peer-reviewed journals, and you’ll only hear praise. It is understandable as these journals are considered one of the most veritably trusted sources of information. Not only do these journals have verified information, but their content also carries the affirmation of many reputed scholars, scientists, and subject experts. This article discusses the definition and process of peer-reviewed journals and their importance in the academic field.
This article discusses the definition, importance, and steps of peer-reviewed journals. To give you an opportunity to practice proofreading, we have left a few spelling, punctuation, or grammatical errors in the text. See if you can spot them! If you spot the errors correctly, you will be entitled to a 10% discount.
Peer-reviewed, also known as refereed journals, have an editorial board of subject experts who review and evaluate submitted articles before accepting them for the publication process. Thus, an academic journal may be a scholarly journal but not a peer-reviewed journal. Peer-reviewed journals are considered one of the most veritably trusted sources of information. Not only do these journals have verified information, but their content also carries the affirmation of many reputed scholars, scientists, and subject experts. This article discusses the definition and process of peer-reviewed journals and their importance in the academic field.
In academic writing, peer review is a validating process. It entails the careful perusal and scrutiny of an author’s work, generally a journal article, by a board of experts. Only when these intellectuals approbate that work does it become fit for publication in a journal. The peer-review system is, ideally, simple but quite effective in hindsight. As such, it has enjoyed a formal place among scholars for almost 300 years.
As the name suggests, peer-reviewed journals publish peer-reviewed articles and enjoy a considerable amount of reputation among the academic community for the work they do. They work as a reputable platform for scholars to publish their research and shine in their respective fields. Also, these journals work as trusty repositories of verified content on various topics.
Peer-reviewed journals are the first choice of many scholars and researchers when it comes to accessing quality content on a plethora of subject matters.
Over the years, peer-reviewed journals have become an indispensable component of the academic community. These journals have become a go-to source for countless research scholars and academicians all worldwide.
Here we have a few prominent reasons that highlight the importance of peer-reviewed journals:
Ensuring the availability of only high-quality research articles in journals.
Making quality research available to the scholarly masses.
Encouraging research scholars to write only first-rate and original manuscripts.
Forming repositories of exceptional research work on a plethora of subjects.
Like everything else in this world, peer-reviewed journals have too received their fair share of criticism.
According to a study by Kelly et al. (2014), a major criticism of peer review is that there is little evidence that the process actually works, that it is actually an effective screen for good quality scientific work, and that it actually improves the quality of scientific literature. Here is what they found:
As a 2002 study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association concluded, ‘‘Editorial peer review, although widely used, is largely untested and its effects are uncertain.’’ Critics also argue that peer review is not effective at detecting errors. Highlighting this point, an experiment by Godlee et al. published in the British Medical Journal (BMJ) inserted eight deliberate errors into a paper that was nearly ready for publication and then sent the paper to 420 potential reviewers. Of the 420 reviewers that received the paper, 221 (53%) responded, the average number of errors spotted by reviewers was two, no reviewer spotted more than five errors, and 35 reviewers (16%) did not spot any.
Though the critics count many reasons, the caveats mostly highlight the following primary reasons:
The irritatingly slow process of reviewing the manuscripts.
The possibility of reviewers holding a bias toward an author or a research field.
The supposed lack of transparency during the process.
As simple as this process sounds, there are still a few steps that entail the process of approving an author’s work. The peer-review process consists of a two-stage process: internal assessment and external assessment.
Here, we explain the steps involved in each stage.
A manuscript must fulfill certain criteria to become eligible for peer review. The author should ensure that he/she has properly formatted the manuscript, made the writing easily readable, and eliminated any traces of plagiarism. Also, the context of the manuscript should fit within the journal's scope. When all these parameters have been fulfilled, the process moves on to the next step.
Writing the perfect manuscript demands significant skill and a good amount of time. Scholars are not sure if they possess the required linguistic and grammatical prowess to edit and proofread on their own. So how should one go about it? In such cases, hiring professionals for the work is a preferred step. Professional editing and proofreading services take a manuscript by following all the guidelines of academic writing.
The main job of an assigned editor is to verify whether the manuscript sits within the prescribed quality parameters of the journal. Passing this phase is crucial for the manuscript as only then does it go to the experts for review. The infamous “desk rejection” also happens at this step.
The whole process centers around this very step. A manuscript that passes the initial assessment is then forwarded to a minimum of two reviewers. These subject-matter experts review the manuscript and generate a detailed review report. The report consists of their opinion on the contents of the manuscript. The reviewers then relay this report to the journal editor. The publication of a manuscript majorly depends on this review report.
The assigned editor studies the review report and decides whether the manuscript should be forwarded for publication. In certain cases, editors, based on the review reports, also contact the authors to make certain revisions. These revisions signify that upon their integration into the manuscript, it will be ready to publish.
The editor then makes the referees or the reviewers aware of his decision to publish the manuscript.
Peer-reviewed journals and the peer-review process are two of the most revered components of academic writing. Apart from maintaining high standards of research articles and ensuring the credibility of research, they provide scholars with a platform where they can showcase their research prowess.
Not only researchers who publish their work but also scholars who read these journals are greatly benefited from such journals. Thanks to these journals, finding verified answers to some of the most twisted and inscrutable questions in a research field is majorly possible.
Lastly, though there are several criticisms of the peer-review process, its pros far outweigh its cons. Hence, for scholars looking to include valid research work in their academic work, peer-reviewed journals are the way to go.
Best Edit & Proof expert editors and proofreaders focus on offering manuscripts with proper tone, content, and style of academic writing, and also provide an upscale editing and proofreading service for you. If you consider our pieces of advice, you will witness a notable increase in the chance for your research manuscript to be accepted by the publishers. We work together as an academic writing style guide by bestowing subject-area editing and proofreading around several categorized writing styles. With the group of our expert editors, you will always find us all set to help you identify the tone and style that your manuscript needs to get a nod from the publishers.
You can also avail of our assistance if you are looking for editors who can format your manuscript, or just check on the particular styles for the formatting task as per the guidelines provided to you, e.g., APA, MLA, or Chicago/Turabian styles. Best Edit & Proof editors and proofreaders provide all sorts of academic writing help, including editing and proofreading services, using our user-friendly website, and a streamlined ordering process.
Visit our order page if you want our subject-area editors or language experts to work on your manuscript to improve its tone and style and give it a perfect academic tone and style through proper editing and proofreading. The process of submitting a paper is very easy and quick. Click here to find out how it works.
Our pricing is based on the type of service you avail of here, be it editing or proofreading. We charge on the basis of the word count of your manuscript that you submit for editing and proofreading and the turnaround time it takes to get it done. If you want to get an instant price quote for your project, copy and paste your document or enter your word count into our pricing calculator.
Contact us to get support with academic editing and proofreading. We have a 24/7 active live chat mode to offer you direct support along with qualified editors to refine and furbish your manuscript.
For more posts, click here.
Publishing Articles in Peer-Reviewed Journals: A Comprehensive Guide
How to Choose the Right Research Design
Quantitative vs. Qualitative Research
What is a Scholarly Journal? How to Find Scholarly Journal Articles?
7 Steps to Publishing in a Scientific Journal
10 Free Online Journal and Research Databases for Researchers
How to Write an Effective Response to Reviewers: 5 Tips
How to Submit A Journal Article
How to Write an Effective Introduction for Academic Essays
11 Tips for Successful Manuscript Submission
Publishing Articles in Peer-Reviewed Journals: A Comprehensive Guide
Peer-Reviewed Journals: Definition | Criticism | Importance
Most Important Language Rules to Improve Your Academic Writing
5 Effective Strategies for Successful Editing and Proofreading
6 Tips for Writing Better Assignments
Submitting a journal article can be a nerve-wracking experience. After all, this piece of work requires hours of research, analysis, and work poured into it. Therefore, you would wish for it to be acknowledged, selected, and published. This guide will give you some crucial answers, so go ahead and take a read. This way, you can ensure that your journal submission is devoid of any hassle.Continue Reading
In the case your work has been reviewed and has received feedback from your peer experts, there needs to be a proper response to reviewers. A response to the reviewers does not necessarily mean that you need to disagree, argue, or prove the reviewers wrong. With a response, you are trying to be dynamic and convincing enough to let your reviewers know that you have indeed made the perfect changes to your work. A response, therefore, is about making a good impression on the reviewers.Continue Reading
Online databases involve scholarly and reviewed articles penned by highly qualified authors such as researchers, journalists, or experts in their field. In this article, you will find 10 free online databases for researchers. They offer intense search tools to narrow the results so that any student can easily collect the required information.Continue Reading
Scholarly articles generally contain more information and sophisticated tone than regular articles of magazines. We often notice that many students and aspiring researchers sometimes make mistakes in identifying scholarly articles. Best Edit & Proof brings this general guide that can be helpful for anyone to identify scholarly journal articles.Continue Reading
There are various types of research designs that researchers can opt for. However, to opt for the right design, you first need to know the differences. Also, do not forget that the type of design depends on various variables from your research. Therefore, understanding these variables is of importance. If you are new to academic work or are just here to refresh your memory, this article has just the right content for you. Today, we will focus on the different types of research designs.Continue Reading